Smoking and bone health are always a common warning. Science has shown that smoking can lead to osteoporosis. Not only that, but it also increases secondary issues.
That’s why preventing osteoporosis often comes from lifestyle. But, what does smoking do to your bones?
What’s the link between smoking and bone health?
Smoking has several osteoporosis implications. The main problem is that it lowers bone density. But, other issues also influence this relationship. Commonly, smokers also:
- Are thinner.
- Tend to consume more alcohol.
- Have subpar diets.
- Aren’t physically active.
Bone density is the main target
Directly, smoking induces chemical changes from nicotine. It basically kills osteoblasts. They’re bone cells that build new tissue. So, it prevents the necessary remodeling in our bones. That means brittle bones.
Smoking and bone health also means fracture risk
Naturally, brittle bones lead to fractures. But, smoking can also slow healing. Bone regeneration is vital to recovering from injury. If hindered, it can take twice as long.
The mechanisms behind smoking and bone health
Finally, this study analyzes the inner workings of smoking and bone health. In-depth, smoking and bone health are related via different elements.
Below, you’ll find 6 ways in which smoking can impact your bones.
Firstly, smokers tend to have lower weight. Some experts believe that a lower weight means less mechanical load. That load is necessary for regeneration.
Smoking also suppresses the parathyroid hormone. This hormone plays a crucial role in bone density. It controls the serum levels of calcium.
Smoking could also boost cortisol levels, the stress hormone. Excessive levels can change bone metabolism—mainly regeneration.
Testosterone and estrogen protect our bones. They improve their metabolism and regeneration. Smoking seems to lower estrogen levels. But, there’s debate behind whether it hinders testosterone.
Tobacco causes free radicals release. They could contribute to bone resorption. The result is lower bone mass.
Finally, smoking attacks bone tissue directly. As we mentioned, our bones remodel and regenerate constantly. Smoke hinders this activity by killing cells.
The holistic takeaway
Of course, quitting doesn’t take a day. Improving smoking and bone health is a long-term effort. But, you can do many things to improve your bone health.
The Bone Density Solution is a great example. It’ll guide you through simple exercises to improve your bone health.
To learn more, don’t miss my official review!